Satsuki Azaleas Bonsai: Variety overview

Evergreen Satsuki Azaleas (Rhododendron indicum varieties) have been bred in Japan for at least 500 years. The first Satsuki azaleas are probably naturally occurring crosses of the two azaleas Rhododendron indicum and Rhododendron tamurae. In general, Satsuki varieties are late flowering (May-June) with 3-10cm large flowers.

There are more than 1000 Satsuki azaleas. Most varieties are compact and slow growing. The variety of flower shapes and especially colours is impressive. The flower colour of the Satsuki Azalea varies from white, yellowish, pink, orange, red to dark purple. Some Satsuki flowers are monochrome. However, stripes, flakes and lines often occur. The complete colour spectrum can occur on a single plant and can vary greatly from year to year. Colour samples have been recorded in catalogues for hundreds of years. Certain azaleas colours achieve very high prices in Japan.

As variable as the flower colours are the names of the Satsuki azaleas (Kinsai, Kinzai, Kin-no-sai, Kin-no-zai are names for only one variety). Here we have compiled an overview of the varieties imported by us as bonsai from Japan. Have fun looking at it.