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Serissa bonsai care
Serissa foetida bonsai
Serissa bonsai care
The maintenance of Serissa bonsai is sometimes described as not too easy. We can not confirm that from our work in our bonsai nursery. When taking care of a Serissa bonsai, the following must be kept in mind: Very light and cool in winter, in summer outside with plenty of fertilizer, repotting at the beginning of March.
The genus Serissa (Japanese Boxthorn) includes only 1 species - Serissa foetida. The vigorous plant is suitable in northern part of europe only as an indoor bonsai. The plant is not hardy. In their home country China, the Serissa tree grows shrubby on damp forest edges and is often no larger than 1m. The Junischnee is used as a medicinal plant.
The best is a well-drained substrate that is rich in nutrients. From the shop offer we can recommend the japanese bonsai soils. The combination of Akadama soil with the Biogold bonsai fertilizer is appropriate.
Young Serissa plants are replanted every 2-3 years, older 3-5 years. The best potting time is in early March. It is a slight root incision to make (occurring odor led to the name foetida = stinking). Dead roots are completely removed. Often a Serissa bonsai must be repotted after purchase, as many of the imported plants are in a very loamy substrate, which is not well suited for home maintenance.
A Serissa foetida bonsai needs a lot of fertilizer in the growing season from April to October because of the intensive growth and abundant flowers. During this time you can fertilize with an organic liquid fertilizer in the amount recommended on the packaging. In the rest of the year only fertilize when your Serissa bonsai is placed on a very bright and relatively warm place.
Location, light, temperature
A very bright location is important. Direct sun is well tolerated. During the summer months (June to early September), a Serissa bonsai can be outdoors, preferably half-shady. Even in winter, the location should be very bright (the warmer the place is the brighter the place must be).
As a typical indoor tree the Serissa is not frost-resistant but can be outdoors from June to September. In winter, the plant should be allowed a break in growth by a stand at about 10-12°C. For a short time even temperatures below 10°C are well tolerated. If a Serissa is overwintered at temperatures higher than 16-18°C, a nighttime lowering of the temperature is necessary. If there is no break in growth, this plant is susceptible to disease.
Serissa bonsai do not like too much or too little water. The Serissa is sensitive to the drying of the substrate. On the other hand, it does not tolerate waterlogging. Good you take a substrate with good drainage effect which is poured regularly. It should be allowed to dry off the soil surface slightly between the individual waterings. In our experience, a ball shower is well suited to pour indoor bonsai. Diving of the entire root balling is also very good. Unfortunately the water dripping afterwards through the drainage holes on the windowsill and make this dirty. By a Bonsai pot drip tray (is supplied in many cases with the indoor bonsai equal) this can be easily avoided. Even in winter the Serissa sholud be evenly moist.
Sometimes the Serissa bonsai is attacked by spider mites, now and then by aphids. If it comes to mass infestation can be treated with the usual means against spider mites and aphids.
Serissa bonsai - forming, styling
Design, styles, wires
The Serissa tree is a very often held as a bonsai. A Serissa bonsai can be styled only by pruning and not necessarily be wired.
If you want to wire a Serissa bonsai make sure that the bonsai wire does not grow into the branch. He often has to be removed after 2-3 months. Only the already slightly woody branches should be wired. Be careful - the branches break easily. The best time to wire is the growing season from May to September.
Often this plant is designed in broom form (Hokidachi) or free upright (Moyogi). The Serissa is well suited for the root over rock form due to its beautiful roots.
Usually, a Serissa bonsai is brought into the desired shape only by pruning with a sharp Bonsai shear. Branches can be cut throughout the year. A pruning into the old wood is possible and mostly every 2-3 years also necessary (more compact growth). Serissa willingly sprouts out of the old wood. Shoots are cut from 3-4 pairs of leaves to 1-2 pairs of leaves.