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Care of Chinese elm bonsai - Uncomplicated, rapid grow, for beginner
Chinese elm bonsai
Chinese elm bonsai maintenance - General:
The Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia) is a robust, easy-care tree that is popular for bonsai design. It is suitable both for care as room bonsai and as cold house bonsai.
Elm Bonsai care - irrigation, watering:
The Chinese elm doesn't like it too wet or too dry. As soon as the substrate surface has dried slightly, casting should be carried out. Waterlogging and dry bales are to be avoided as far as possible.
If the Chinese elm is maintained as a indoor bonsai, the problem exists that water drips through the water drainage holes onto the window sill and pollutes it. With a bonsai pot drip tray (is supplied in many cases with indoor bonsai directly) this can be avoided easily. In our experience, a ball shower is well suited for casting room bonsai.
Chinese elm prebonsai, Bonsai nursery in China.
In summer it is best to place the Chinese elm outside in full sunlight. Since the Chinese elm is a cold-house plant, it needs a very cool, as bright as possible location, which does not exceed the 10-15°C, in the winter. She even tolerates light frosts. At a cold location, a Chinese elm bonsai as a deciduous tree can throw off all or part of its leaves and stop growing. That shouldn't worry them. It is perfectly normal and also desired. After a hibernation next March, a China elm will sprout all the stronger. It is possible to spend the winter in a bright room. Due to the high metabolism in our warm apartments, however, bonsai elm trees are usually weakened.
Repotting Bonsai of the Chinese Elm:
China elms have a strong root growth. Therefore, fast-growing, younger specimens are repotted every 2 years, older ones every three to five years. A root cut should be made every time the pot is repotted. As elms have very soft roots, a very sharp concave branch cutter is required for root cutting. A sharp bonsai scissor is very helpful for roots up to 1 cm in diameter. Unsharp tools lead to crushing of the root cut in all types of elms. The healing process is not good.
Chinese elm fertilize:
Fertilize the elm bonsai during the growing season, ie. from spring to autumn. The usual Bonsai liquid fertilizers are used in the quantity recommended on the packaging. In the case of organic solid fertilizers (e. g. horn shavings), one application every 2-3 months is sufficient. It should be noted that these fertilizers take some time to become effective. Their advantage is that they appear more even and long-lasting.
Bonsai of the Chinese elm, Bonsai garden Shouzou (China)
Diseases of Chinese elm bonsai:
The Chinese elm is susceptible to both scales and spider mites. As a precaution you should urgently keep a hibernation in order not to weaken the tree by constant growth.
Chinese Elm Bonsai - wiring, design:
One and two year old branches are still easy to wire. Stronger branches are most gently stretched into the new shape, otherwise the bonsai wire would leave traces in the bark too quickly.
The young shoots are best grown up to a length of 10cm and then cut back to 1-2 leaves. This grow results in a good increase in thickness. In the case of older, already well developed branches, only a regular pruning to the desired shape is carried out.
None of the known styles are impossible. The broom shape and the freely upright shape can be designed very well. A rock form is, due to the strong root growth of the Chinese elm, also well to realize.