Outdoor bonsai care: watering, fertilizing, repotting, cutting, wire, repotting
Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis): Bonsai care instructions
Juniper Bonsai Care - General:
Chinese junipers (Juniperus chinensis) are often cared for as bonsai. Especially the Chinese juniper variety Shimpaku and Itoigawa play a big role in bonsai care. They are often offered in the bonsai trade and are popular as bonsai and very suitable. Chinese Juniper Bonsai are extremely hardy, grow slowly (low maintenance), are well suited for deadwood and look very nice with their fine needle pads.
The Chinese juniper is native to Japan, China and Korea and grows in nature as a shrub or tree. Sometimes up to 15m high. Chinese juniper form as bonsai 2 needle shapes: Prickle-shaped youth leaves, which later turns into dandruff. Cushions with dandruff foliage look very fine.
Juniper bonsai - Styling
China junipers can be designed throughout the year. If drastic deformations are to be carried out, the late spring is a good time. The juniper can better cope with the resulting damage in summer.
Juniper prebonsai, Japan imports 2015. This raw material can quickly make a good juniper bonsai.
Japanese White pine (Pinus pentaphylla): Bonsai care instructions
White pine bonsai
White pine - General:
The White pine (Pinus parviflora, Pinus pentaphylla) is native to Japan. There it grows in mountainous areas of 1200-1800 meters in moist and water-permeable soils. The medium-sized tree is rather conical at a young age, and develops an irregular, wide-spreading crown with age. It has a gray and smooth bark.
This interesting pine is also called Japanese five-needle pine, as the gray-green to blue-green striped needles grow in tufts. It produces numerous small red to purple flowers in spring. If the flowers are fertilized, small cones develop, which can remain on the tree for several years. However, since the White pine put a lot of energy into these cones, they are usually removed (turned off) by bonsai lovers.
White pines are often grafted onto the stronger rootstock of a Japanese black pine, making them less sensitive to frost, forming strong roots, growing faster, and getting a rough bark. Disadvantage: Most of the grafting points can be recognized.
Japanese White pine (Pinus pentaphylla) - grafting on black pine. Grafting point is still visible.
White pine - Benefits for bonsai care
- The Japanese White pine is hardy. We overwinter Pinus parviflora in the unheated foil tent without problems
- 5-needle pine = Very soft appearance of the needle pads
- Due to low annual growth little effort in pruning. Needle pads can build up well
Japanese Satsuki Azalea (Rhododendron indicum): Bonsai care instructions
Satsuki Azalea Bonsai in our shop
Satsuki Azalea bonsai care: General information
The Satsuki azaleas (Rhododendron indicum) belong to the group of outdoor bonsai and should therefore be kept outdoors. Satsuki azaleas are mainly cultivated as bonsai because of the immense abundance of flowers.
The Japanese term Satsuki is derived from the 5th month in the Asian lunar calendar and refers to the main flowering time. It starts at the end of April and lasts until June. During this time a Satsuki Azalea Bonsai is covered over and over with flowers, so that no leaves or branches are to be seen any more. The flowering period is usually 6 weeks if the flowers are protected from wetness from above (rain, watering can).
There are hundreds of breeding forms (e. g. Eikan, Nikko, Chinzan, Kaho, Osakasuki, Hakurei, Kinsai) that would make an exquisite bonsai collection on their own.
Leaves and flowers of the Satsuki Azalea:
The leaves are about 2.5 to 3cm long, oval with a tip and bristly on both sides. Satsuki azaleas are semi evergreen, an acid soil loving shrubs. Depending on the hibernation temperature, the leaves remain on the tree.
Dawn redwood (Metasequoia): Bonsai care instructions
Dawn redwood bonsai
Dawn redwood, Metasequoia - General:
The Dawn redwood (also Chinese redwood, botanically Metasequoia glyptostroboides, cypress family - Cupressaceae) has existed on earth for many millions of years. It is a living fossil and was considered extinct. In 1941 the first living trees were rediscovered in China. It'll live to 400 years.
Dawn redwood bonsai care - General:
Metasequoia is very popular as a bonsai. And rightly so. The care of Dawn redwood bonsai is simple. Metasequoia glyptostroboides grows very fast (>1m per year), reaches heights up to 30m and tolerates pruning very well. The Dawn redwood is an outdoor bonsai and is ideal for beginners.
Advantages of Metasequoia for bonsai design - Overview
- Redwood bonsai are hardly infested by pests and have no significant diseases.
- Branches remain flexible for a long time. Thus one can bend also the branches of older Dawn redwood bonsai still well.
- The Redwood is absolutely hardy as a bonsai. We place our bonsai in winter in an unheated foil tent without any problems down to -15°C.
- Wounds close quickly and well. Without wound sealing paste.
Japanese apricot (Prunus mume): Bonsai care instructions
General information about Japanese apricot:
The Japanese apricot (botanical Prunus mume, Japanese: Ume, family Roses - Rosaceae) belongs to the few bonsai that already flower at the end of winter (sometimes at the end of January). Prunus mume Bonsai are common in Japan, but very rare in Europe. Prunus mume originally came from southern China and is now mainly found in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. In nature the Japanese apricot grows in forests up to 3000m high and grows up to 10m high.
Older apricot bonsai have a thick, borky bark and usually a lot of dead wood. Often they are also hollowed out. The approx. 1-2cm large, white to red flowers, depending on the species or variety, form an interesting contrast to this. The often abundant dead branches and trunk parts are completely normal in many stone fruit plants, to which the Japanese apricot belongs. If not cut back regularly and vigorously, aging branches of the apricot bonsai will die quickly and regularly. The reason for this is probably Prunus mume Bonsai's susceptibility to fungal attack. This is not a problem if the apricots are properly pruned because they sprout well and willingly.
Prunus mume Bonsai - flower:
The Japanese apricot flowers white as a species. However, since many varieties are in circulation, bonsai can also have pink or red flowers (e. g. variety Benichidori). Since many apricot bonsai have grafted branches, bonsai can also have different coloured flowers. The apricots Hibai (red) and Yabai (white, corresponds most to the wild form), especially known in Japan, have 5 petals. Many other varieties have significantly more. There are more than 100 different varieties. The Japanese apricot smells pleasant and usually very strong. The 2-3cm large fruits ripen in July.