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What means bonsai ?

Bonsai (Japanese 盆栽, meaning "planting in a pot") are trees in a pot designed using certain techniques. Bonsai consists of the two word parts Bon = pot and Sai = plant.

Bonsai tree is synonymous with the term bonsai in this context. More strictly speaking, bonsai tree is "repeated unnecessarily" because a bonsai is always a tree. Thats why most bonsai friends simply use the term bonsai for a bonsai tree.

At the same time, bonsai means an Asian garden art to design and maintain such trees. It is mainly practiced in Japan, Korea and China.

Are bonsai dwarf trees and always small ?

The German Duden explains bonsai by saying that it is a "Japanese dwarf tree" or "the art of pulling dwarf trees practiced in Japan". The view that bonsai are small is so widespread that the word bonsai is often used as a synonym for "small". The same you can find in the Oxford dictionary: Bonsai is "the art of growing ornamental, artificially dwarfed varieties of trees and shrubs in pots."

The opinion that bonsai are small or even dwarfish is wrong and is based on the ignorance of the writers. Bonsai is above all an artistically designed tree in a pot. It has nothing to do with size - as you can see on the next pictures.

Bonsai for sale

Here you can buy your bonsai tree. All bonsai are individually photographed and after a purchase in our online shop, you get exactly the bonsai tree you have ordered. Safely packed, the tree will be delivered quickly. All orders on weekdays until 14 o'clock will be send out on the same day.

Frequently purchased bonsai trees

These bonsai species are frequently bought because the bonsai care is simple. More robust species can be found under bonsai for beginners.

You can find more information about buying bonsai online in our shop at: Bonsai tree for sale

News from our bonsai nursery

Just in time we have prepared a detailed article on the subject of repotting a bonsai (why ?, when ?, required tools and materials, step-by-step instructions). Have fun while reading.

Bonsai repotting

Why repot ? When to repot ? Step by step instructions Selection of pots Required tools

If you want to style bonsai successfully, you first and foremost have to think about the care of the bonsai.

Repotting bonsai is one of the most important maintenance techniques and is very important for keeping bonsai trees healthy in the long term. Unfortunately, it is often neglected or incorrectly executed. Repotting the bonsai trees is not complicated, but a simple and basic technique in horticulture.

Essentially, you have to repot at the right time, choose a suitable bonsai pot and use the right bonsai soil. On this page we have tried to summarize the points that should be considered when repotting bonsai. Before we go into detail, it should first be explained why bonsai have to be repotted at all.

Why is repotting bonsai important ?

Bonsai are living things. They are constantly changing, both above and below ground. In order to grow and thrive, they need energy (obtained through photosynthesis in the leaves and stored in sugars) and nutrients, which they take from the soil. In order to be able to absorb the nutrients, they need many roots. These are constantly re-forming in the soil.

Since there is only a limited space available in the bonsai pot, the entire bonsai substrate in the pot will be rooted through after a certain time. This creates a problem: there is no more space for new roots.

And there is an even bigger problem: all the pores in the soil are filled with roots. But the air in these pores is very important for the roots. Like all cells, root cells need oxygen to live. While oxygen is readily available in the air above ground, oxygen supply in the ground can be difficult. Without air in the soil, there is no oxygen. Then even the existing roots die and the bonsai can be damaged or can even die.

The problem is compounded by the disintegration of the bonsai soil over time. When freshly filled into the pot a reasonable bonsai soil has a coarse structure. Due to the influence of organisms in the soil and "freezing" in winter, the structure of the earth becomes finer and finer over the course of 2-3 years. The finer the soil, however, the smaller the pore space in the substrate, which is then compacted by the newly formed roots. In the end, the necessary oxygen is always missing in the soil. A big problem for the bonsai trees.

Another problem arises with compacted bonsai soil: When the root cells breathe, oxygen is consumed and carbon dioxide is produced. If the soil in the pot is dense and moist, the carbon dioxide dissolves in the water and carbonic acid is produced. As a result, the soil slowly and steadily acidifies, which most trees do not like.

We can only solve all of these problems by repotting the bonsai regularly. The disintegrated, fine soil is replaced by new, coarser substrate. And in many cases part of the roots is removed by a root cut, thus creating space for new growth.

If a bonsai is not repotted regularly, it will grow weaker and weaker over the years and sooner or later it will die. It shouldn't get that far. In addition - the longer you wait before repotting, the more difficult the intervention will be for the tree and also for the bonsai friend. It is then often extremely difficult and sweaty to remove the old bonsai soil.

But - no rule without exception: without repotting, the entire growth slows down over the years. The distances between the leaf nodes (internodes) on a shoot are shortened. Often the trees also bloom better. This can add to the aged look of more mature trees. This means that with mature trees it can sometimes be beneficial to slow down their growth a little by postponing repotting such bonsai for 1 year.

When should bonsai be repotted ?

Above all, a bonsai has to be repotted when the soil becomes too compact. The compaction of the soil increases mainly due to the growth of the roots and the slow decay of the bonsai soil. Accordingly, depending on the speed of the root growth and the type of bonsai soil, a bonsai must be repotted after approx. 3-5 years.

Young plants from fast-growing tree species (most maple bonsai, elm and apple bonsai) often have to be repotted after 1-2 years. Older bonsai (shape is largely complete) of tree species with slow root growth (e.g. pine bonsai, larch or juniper bonsai) can often stand 1-2 years longer in the same substrate.

If you are interested, the full article can be found at:   Bonsai repot

Bonsaischule Wenddorf - Profile

Our Bonsainursery, today located in Wenddorf (Germany), was founded in 1993 as a Bonsai center in Leipzig. The most important goal from the beginning was the cultivation of high quality bonsai raw material.

In Europe, there is little experience with it. Therefore, all techniques had to be developed independently. Most bonsai friends know: A long, arduous journey. Today we have come a good step closer to our goal. 10000 bonsai blanks with very good roots indicate that.

As a specialized bonsai dealer we have been established the bonsai retailers business via Internet since 1999. Today we send many 1000 orders annually. You can also visit us directly in Wenddorf and choose your bonsai from us.

In order to guarantee best prices, we import almost all products directly from the manufacturer. Mostly from China, Japan, Taiwan, Spain.